Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is an island in East Asia; located some 180 kilometres (112 miles) off the southeastern coast of mainland China across the Taiwan Strait. It has an area of 35,883 km2 (13,855 sq mi) and spans the Tropic of Cancer. The East China Sea lies to the north, the Philippine Sea to the east, the Luzon Strait directly to the south and the South China Sea to the southwest. The island makes up 99% of the current territory of the Republic of China, which is also known as "Taiwan".
Taiwanese cuisine has several variations. In addition to the representative dishes from the people of Hoklo ethnicity, Hakka, and local derivatives of Japanese cuisine and Chinese cuisine. Taiwanese cuisine itself is often associated with influences from mid to southern provinces of China, most notably from the province of Fujian.